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Software Engineer/Developer/Programmer

HRPeople with O*Net and Payscale


Modify existing software to correct errors, to adapt it to new hardware or to upgrade interfaces and improve performance.

Design and develop software systems, using scientific analysis and mathematical models to predict and measure outcome and consequences of design.

Consult with engineering staff to evaluate interface between hardware and software, develop specifications and performance requirements and resolve customer problems.

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Analyze information to determine, recommend and plan installation of a new system or modification of an existing system.

Develop and direct software system testing and validation procedures.

Direct software programming and development of documentation.

Consult with customers or other departments on project status, proposals and technical issues such as software system design and maintenance.

Advise customer about, or perform, maintenance of software system.

Coordinate installation of software system.

Monitor functioning of equipment to ensure system operates in conformance with specifications.


Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.

Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.

Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.

Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.


Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.

Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.

Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.

Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.

Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.


Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.

Tasks, KSAs sourced from O*Net


Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.

Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

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